Antenatal care is the medical care given to a pregnant woman and the foetus.
Prenatal care is the regular check-up of a pregnant woman that allow doctors to treat and prevent potential health problems throughout the course of the pregnancy and at the same time helping her to maintain a healthy lifestyles that will benefit both mother and the child.
During check-ups the women will receive information from the gynecologist over the physiological changes during pregnancy, the biological changes, and prenatal nutrition requirements. She will also receive counseling on maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Routine prenatal care reducesthe risk of miscarriages as well as birth defects, low birth weight, and other preventable health problems.
Prenatal care generally consists of:
- Monthly visits during the first two trimesters (from week 1–28)
- Fortnightly from 28 to week 36 of pregnancy
- Weekly after week 36 (delivery at week 38–40)
- Assessment of parental needs and family dynamic
- Ultrasound scanning to check the progress of the foetus